Section headings and selected papers: Contemporary and Alternative. About the editors. List of contributors. Preface. Introduction and overview. Introduction to Part B. The Contemporary Approaches. Charismatic leadership. On fire: charismatic leadership and levels of analysis (K.J. Klein, R.J. House). Fire: when, where, and for what (M.G. Evans). The folly of knowing an elephant by its tail: why the leadership field needs multiple levels of analysis (J.A. Conger). The role of individual consideration, vision and egoism in effective leadership (E.A. Locke). Unlocking the essence of individualized consideration: a view from the inside out (B.J. Avolio, B.M. Bass). Leader-member exchange. Relationship-based approach to leadership: development of leader-member exchange (LMX) theory of leadership over 25 years: applying a multi-level multi-domain perspective (G.B. Graen, M. Uhl-Bien). The Alternative Approaches. Information processing. Multi-level information-processing explanations of followers' leadership perceptions (R.J. Hall, R.G. Lord). Leadership sense-making - parts, wholes, and beyond (D.V. Day). Levels issues in followers' perceptions of leadership (R.J. Foti). The role of within-individual cognitive structures in determining higher-level effects (R.J. Hall, R.G. Lord). Subtitles for leadership. An examination of substitutes for leadership within a levels-of-analysis framework (P.M. Podsakoff, S.B. MacKenzie). A re-examination of substitutes for leadership within a levels-of-analysis framework (W.D. Murry). The romance of leadership as a follower-centric theory: a social constructionist approach (J.R. Meindl). Conclusion. A multiple-level leadership mosaic. One way to put the pieces together (F. Dansereau, F.J. Yammarino). Author index. Subject index.