Preface. Introduction. Elites, minorities and economic growth in an interdisciplinary perspective (E.S. Brezis, P. Temin). Economic, Political Elites and Growth. The American business elite in historical perspective (P. Temin). Business dynasties in Britain and France (F. Crouzet). Elites and civil societies in the Middle East (B. Kimmerling). The recruitment and role of elites in Israel (E. Etzioni-Halevy). Elites, ethnic mobilizations and democracy in postcommunist Europe (J. Pakulski). Two waves of professionalization of the Hungarian economic elite (G. Lengyel). Minorities and Growth. Don't beat up the little guys (D.S. Landes). How do minorities become elites? (P. Mathias). The Jews, the English Industrial Revolution, technological innovations and the sciences (P. Bairoch). The Weber thesis and the Jews (W.D. Rubinstein). The role of the Chinese minorities in the economic development of Southeast Asian countries (E.B. Ayal). Theories of Elites and Minorities. The memberships theory of inequality: ideas and implications (S.N. Durlauf). Invention and rebellion: why do innovations occur at all? An evolutionary approach (J. Mokyr). The democratization of political elites and the decline in inequality in modern economic growth (M. Justman, M. Gradstein). Elites and the economics of political radicalism: evidence from Oldham, 1841-1852 (A. Klug, C. Nadav). Elite schools, circulation of elites and economic development: the ENA case (E.S. Brezis, F. Crouzet). Index.