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Communities of Networked Expertise: Professional and Educational Perspectives

Product Details
09 Nov 2004
Emerald Group Publishing Limited
244 pages - 156 x 234 x 14mm
Advances in Learning and Instruction Series


Relying on a series of empirical workplace studies as well as an extensive review of psychological, sociological and educational literature, the authors develop a framework for examining human competence as a process of networked expertise. Networked expertise refers to competencies that arise from social interaction, knowledge sharing, and collective problem solving. These are embedded in communities and organized groups of experts and professionals. Cognition and intelligent activity are not only individual and mental processes but ones which rely on socio-culturally developed cognitive tools. These include physical and conceptual artifacts as well as socially distributed and shared processes of intelligent activity embedded in complex social and cultural environments. Networked expertise is relational in nature. It is constituted in interaction between individuals, communities, and larger networks supported by cognitive artifacts, and it coevolves with continuously transforming innovative knowledge communities. The focus of the book is on analyzing the socio-cognitive foundations of human intelligent activity. The authors examine theories and models that help to understand individual and social aspects of processes of learning, development of expertise, knowledge creation, and innovation. These processes are studied both in the contexts of education and work, and are illuminated with numerous examples, and interview data. The main topics covered are the development of expertise, distributed cognition and shared expertise, collaborative and cultural learning, and inquiry-based and computer-supported learning processes. The basic tenet of the book is that knowledge sharing should be a core value in all organizations. This is the first step of answering to the challenges of emerging knowledge society.
Introduction. Part I. The Knowledge-Acquisition Perspective. Expert Knowledge as the Basis of Human Competence. Dynamic Development of Expertise. Organizational Support for Dynamic Development of Expertise. Part II. The Participation Perspective. Participation in Communities of Expertise. Networks of Knowledge Sharing. Facilitating Organizational Intelligence through Knowledge Management. Part III. The Knowledge-Creation Perspective. Models of Innovative Knowledge Communities. Role of Conceptual and Material Artifacts in Knowledge Creation. The Dynamic Nature of Innovative Knowledge Communities. Individual and Social Aspects of Knowledge Creation. Part IV. Educating for Networked Expertise. Acquisition Perspective: Developing Basic Knowledge and Competencies for Expertise. Participation Perspective: Organizing Networking Relations Between Learners and Expert Communities. Knowledge-Creation Perspective: Facilitating Progressive Inquiry in Education. Concluding Remarks: Relational Nature of Networked Expertise.

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