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Research on Democracy and Society Vol: 3

Product Details
24 Feb 1997
Emerald Group Publishing Limited
432 pages - 156 x 234 x 25mm
Research in Democracy & Society


Volume three concerns political action on the margins of conventional political participation in a democracy: extremist, protest, and social movements. This theme covers a huge spectrum, ranging from pro-democracy movements in authoritarian regimes to anti-democratic extremist. The volume is organised in four sections: first, a theoretical paper linking the social movements literature to the literature on democratization; second, a series of comparative studies; third, essays on the United States and western Europe; and finally, a set of studies of successful or failed democratic transition in Yugoslavia, South Africa and the Philippines. The first section presents an ambitious synthesis of social movement theories with the 'political interactionist' theories of democratization associated with Guillermo O'Donnell, Philippe Schmitter, Adam Przeworski and others. The second section contains comparative studies, examining whether recent right-wing extremist voting in western Europe represents a real shift to the right. Two dimensions of nationalism in eastern Europe are examined and another chapter looks at two contextual factors affecting political protest in western democracies: mobilization by collective organizations and national political and socioeconomic conditions. Finally Karl-Dieter Opp examines the prospective role of political protest in the European unification process. Four papers pursue the analysis of contemporary far right in France, Germany and Austria. What are the characteristics of French National Front voters? Focus is also placed on right-wing violence in unified Germany and racism and anti-semitism in Austria. Two potential threats to democracy are studied: Basque terrorism and nazism in interwar Germany. Finally in this, there is an examination of the rise to power of the Nazy Party in Germany.
Part 1 Theoretical: social movement dynamics during democratic transition and consolidation - a synthesis of political process and political interactionist theories, Ron Pagnucco. Part 2 Comparative studies: the mass basis of the extreme right in Europe in a comparative perspective, Jorgen Falter and Markus Klein; dominant and majority exclusive nationalism in Eastern Europe - searching for determinants, Mary McIntosh et al; contexts of political protest in western democracies - political organization and modernity, Edeltraud Roller and Bernhard Wessels; the role of voice in a future Europe, Karl-Dieter Opp. Part 3 Case studies - the United States and western Europe: movement strategy and dramaturgic framing in democratic states - the case of the American civil rights movement, Douglas McAdam; David Duke - democracy under stress in Louisiana, Susan Howell; the national front vote and right-wing extremism, 1988-1995, Nonna Mayer; the far right in unified Germany, Michael Minkenberg; recent right-wing radicalism in Germany - its development and resonance in the public and social sciences, Dieter Rucht; discourse and racism in postwar Austria - antisemitism and attitudes toward foreigners, Ruth Wodak; the political conditioning of collective violence - regime change and insurgent terrorism in Spain, Fernando Reinares; Nazism through democracy - why 14 million Germans voted for the Nazi party, William Brustein. Part 4 Case studies - other regions: the breakup of Yugoslavia, Anthony Oberschall; the opposition movement in South Africa, Gay Seidman; putting "people power" back together again - some puzzles from the Philippines, Mark Thompson.

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