Where is the comparative and international study of education heading in the 21st Century? What are the current theoretical issues, problems, and practices that need to be discussed, reviewed, and debated? How have specific sub-fields fared over the past decade? Our discipline appears poised to take a leadership role in policy debates and decisions, as well as comparative scholarship throughout the world, but first we need to examine where we need to go. It is a combination of state-of-the-field reviews, new scholarship, and critical discussions of major topics in the comparative and international field of education.