The Social Scientific Attempt to Define Religion: Sacred algorithms - exchange theory of religious claims, W. Sims Bainbridge; Differentiating - the virtues of substantive definitions of religion, W.H. Swatos Jr; The implicit religiosity of the secular - a Martian perspective on the definition of religion, E.I. Bailey; Defining religion - a pluralistic approach for the global age, F. Lechner; Negotiating the secular forms of religious authority and their political consequences, E. Kopplewitz. The Social Construction of the Religious Category: The "imperial states, axial religions and the definition of religion" W. Herbrechtsmeier; Contested meanings and definitional boundaries - historicizing the sociology of religion, M. McGuire; The category "religion" and the politics of tolerance, R. McCutcheon; Defining religion in cross-national perspective: identity and difference in official conceptions, P. Beyer; Cultural context and the definition of religion - seeing with Confucian eyes, J. Spickard. Negotiating "Religion" in Everyday Life: The courts and the definition of religion in the United States and Canada - preserving the status quo through exclusion, L.G. Beaman; Baby boomers and their millennial kids - "folk" definitions of religion and their relation to culture, L. Schofield Clark; The relationship between religion and spirituality, R. Hood; Defining paganism in England and Wales, M. York.