List of contributors. Preface (L. Freese). Evolutionary sociology (A.R. Maryanski). Social relations, social change, and human nature: connecting evolutionary psychology to social theory (P. Dickens). Darwin, Durkheim, and mutualism (W.R. Catton Jr). Gender, work, and subsistence: a human ecological explanation for the availability of female labor leading up to the industrial revolution (N. Lauster). Local "instigating disputes" and the politicization of the environment: the case of Tampere, Finland (M. Laine et al.). The urban environment: the intersection of white middle-class and white working-class environmentalism (1820s-1950s) (D.E. Taylor). Ecological and normative fundamentals of value judgments in nature conservation: the case of nonindigenous plants (U. Eser). Holism: writ and reposte in ecology and human ecology (G.L. Young).