The first edition of this book was published in 2007. This second edition highlights findings from the use of naturalistic driving studies and the technique of meta-analysis. This edition presents the latest research on driving safety, road users’ behavior, and changing cultural norms that emphasize sustainability. There is new material on bicyclists and motorcyclists and new info on autonomous vehicles. Other new areas explored are in-vehicle driver assistance systems and the latest research on human limitations and capabilities related to driving. Part A provides background on methods, models, and theories of driver behavior, and Part B looks at driver capacities and individual differences in visual attention in young drivers, new drivers, and older drivers. Later sections cover driving style, temporary impairment, and vulnerable road users (such as pedestrians). The final section deals with causes of crashes and countermeasures. The book contains b&w photos, diagrams, and summary charts.