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Lifetime Income Distribution and Redistribution: Applications of a Microsimulation Model Vol: 221

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14 Oct 1993
Emerald Group Publishing Limited
436 pages - 178 x 254 x 25mm
Contributions to Economic Analysis


Lifetime distribution and redistribution is analysed in this book, in far more detail than has been attempted before. A dynamic cohort microsimulation model is used as an exciting new tool to analyse several questions which have previously been almost impossible to answer. These questions concern income distribution and redistribution, social security and income tax incidence. This book will be of interest to those working in social and economic policy who are concerned about such issues. It will also be of interest to the rapidly growing numbers of researchers and government analysts constructing microsimulation models.
Preface. LIFETIME INCOME AND MICROSIMULATION MODELS. Introduction. Simulating longitudinal data. Outline of this book. Microsimulation Models. Types of microsimulation models. Problems of dynamic microsimulation models. Key Characteristics of the Model. Simulating the impact of government. Limitations of the model. Income and tax measures used in the model. LIFETIME RESULTS. Lifetime Income by Education, Family Status, and Unemployment Status. Lifetime income by education status. Lifetime income by familty status. Lifetime income by unemployment status. The Distribution of Lifetime Income. Lifetime income distribution of males. Lifetime income distribution of females. Income sharing within the family. Lifetime income for the entire cohort. Lifetime vs Annual Income Distribution and Redistribution. Annual income distribution by sex. Lifetime vs annual distribution. Lifetime vs annual tax-transfer incidence. Cash transfers and adjusted income taxes. Lifetime vs annual incidence of education. Lifecycle Income Distribution and Redistribution. Lifecycle income by lifetime income. Lifecycle income by lifetime family status. Lifecycle income by lifetime education status. Construction of the Model. The Demographic, Disability and Education Modules. Mortality. Disability, handicap and invalidity. Primary and secondary schooling. Tertiary education. Family formation and dissolution. Fertility. Labour Force Participation and Unemployment. Overview of the module. Labour force participation. Self-employment status. Full and part-time status and annual hours worked. Unemployment status and hours unemployed. Full-time students and invalids. Labour force profiles of the cohort. Earned and Unearned Income. Simulating earnings. Investment income. Superannuation income. Maintenance income. Government Expenditures and Taxes. Social security outlays. Education outlays. Income tax. Conclusion. Lifetime vs annual income distribution. Lifetime vs annual tax-transfer incidence. Intra vs inter-personal income redistribution. Relative position of men and women. Lifetime income by education. Lifetime income by family status. Appendix 1: The 1986 Australian Income Distribution Survey. Endnotes. References. Author index. Subject index.

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