The ISTTT series is the main gathering for the worlds transportation and traffic theorists, and the resulting volume is a field-defining milestone featuring the most promising thinking and theoretical developments. It reflects the major renewal the field is experiencing, with the entry of many new scientists from a variety of disciplines, and the mutual coexistence of a growing number of theoretical perspectives and modelling cultures. While this volume covers a wide range of aspects of the modelling of transportation processes as complex systems, an overarching theme is the recognition that these systems are a collective expression of individual human decisions. A significant number of the contributions published here therefore deal with some aspect of human behaviour whether as travellers, drivers, passengers, operators, or regulators reflecting the great strides being made in developing theories and mathematical representations of these phenomena. Essential reading for anyone interested in researching or understanding traffic and transportation phenomena and in developing effective approaches to planning, design and management of transportation systems.
Bilevel optimisation of prices in a variety of transportation models. A sequential experimental approach for analyzing second-best road pricing with unknown demand functions. Highway inventory control system. Path size and overlap in multi-modal transport networks. Pedestrian dynamics and evacuation: empirical results and design solutions. An empircal assessment of traffic operations. Reliability of freeway traffic flow: a stochastic concept of capacity. A critical comparison of the kinematic-wave model with observational data. Average velocity of waves propagating through congested freeway traffic. Microscopic three-phase traffic theory and its applications for freeway traffic control. Behavioural approach to instability, stop and go waves, wide jams and capacity drop. Controlling traffic breakdowns. Parameter estimation and analysis of car-following models. Modeling Impatience of drivers in passing maneuvers. A simulation model for motorway merging behaviour. Freeway ramp merging process observed in congested traffic: lag vehicle acceleration model. A first-order macroscopic traffic flow model for mixed traffic including moving bottleneck effects. A variational formulation of kinematic waves: bottleneck properties and examples. First-order macroscopic traffic flow models: intersection modeling, network modelling. Real-time estimation of travel times on signalized arterials. Calibration and validation of dynamic traffic assignment systems. Non-equilibrium dynamic traffic assignment. Precision of predicted travel time, the responses of travellers, and satisfaction in the travel experience. Behavioral dynamics in activity participation, travel, and information and communications technology. Modeling the joint labor-commute engagement decisions of San Francisco Bay Area residents. A model of daily time use allocation using fractional logit methodology. Efficient estimation of nested logit models using choice-based samples. Functional approximations to alternative-specific constants in time-period choice-modelling. Project-based activity scheduling for person agents. Modelling commercial vehicle empty trips: theory and application. Rationality and heterogeneity in taxi driver decision: application of a stochastic-process model of taxi behavior. A rolling-horizon approach to the optimal dispatching of taxis. Capacitated arc routing problem with extensions. User-equilibrium route set analysis of a large road network. Comparison of static maximum likelihood origin-destination formulations. A time-dependent activity and travel choice model with multiple parking options. Doubly dynamic equilibrium distribution approximation model for dynamic traffic assignment. A combined model of housing location and traffic equilibrium problems in a continuous transportation system.