This volume contains the formal proceedings of the 15th International Symposium on Transportation and Traffic Theory (ISTTT), which was held at the University of South Australia in Adelaide, Australia on 16-18 July 2002. The ISTTT series is the peak gathering for the world's transportation and traffic theorists. It deals exclusively with the scientific aspects of transportation and traffic phenomena. Although it embraces a wide range of specific topics, from traffic flow theory and travel demand modelling to road safety and logistics and supply chain modelling, the work of the ISTTT is hallmarked in all its topics of interest by innovation, research and rigour in analytical treatment of real world transport and traffic problems. The ISTTT has been held in cities around the world about once every three years, starting in Detroit in 1959. Subsequent symposia have been held in London, New York, Karlsruhe, San Francisco (twice), Sydney, Kyoto, Toronto, Delft, Boston (Mass), Yokohama, Lyon and Jerusalem. No more than 35 papers are selected for presentation, following a rigorous two-stage selection and peer review process (of extended abstracts and full papers).The proceedings define the international state of the art in traffic and transport research at the time of the symposium. Amongst the topics covered in the book are: traffic flow theory, traffic management and traffic control; intelligent transport systems; analytical techniques for road safety; travel demand modelling, including dynamic traffic assignment, route control and congestion pricing; environmental impact analysis for transport systems; public transport planning, service design and operations; freight transport modelling; logistics and supply chain modelling; pedestrian and bicycle transport.
A step function for improving transit operations planning using fixed and variable scheduling, A. Ceder; A sensitivity-based solution algorithm for the network model of urban taxi services, K.I Wong et al; Transit network reliability - an application of absorbing Markov chains, M.G.H. Bell et al; Minimising the conflict between rail operations and infrastructure maintenance, M.Lake, L.J. Ferreira; Optimal terminus location for a rail line with many to many travel demand, S.C. Wirasinghe et al; Queue discharge flow and speed models for signalized intersections, R. Akcelik, M. Besley; The oversaturated isolated intersection, G.F Newell; Development and implementation of an adaptive control strategy in a traffic signal network - the virtual-fixed-cycle approach, N.H. Gartner; Unsignalized intersections - a third method for analysis, W. Brilon, N. Wu; Supply chain networks with multicriteria decision makers, J. Dong et al; Computerized decision support system for the operational management of transportation of sugar cane, R. Raicu, M.A.P Taylor; Normative pedestrian behaviour theory and modelling, S. Hoogendorn, P.H.L Bovy; Towards a unified approach to causal analysis in traffic safety using structural causal models, G. Davis; Identifying similarities and dissimilarities among road accident patterns, M. Nowakowska; A model to estimate the environmental impact of road transport, A. Alessandrini, M. Lemessi; Modelling risk taking behaviour in queuing networks with ATIS, Y. Yin et al; Modelling dynamic vehicle routing and scheduling with real time information on travel times, E. Taniguchi et al; Dynamic equilibrium network design, B. Heydecker; Algorithms for solving the probit path-based stochastic user equilibrium traffic assignment problem with one or more user classes, A. Rosa, M. Maher; A traffic flow model for urban traffic analysis - extensions of the LWR model for urban and environmental applications, F. Giorgi et al; Theory of congested highway traffic - empirical features and methods of tracing and prediction, B. Kerner; Moving bottlenecks - a theory grounded on experimental observation, J.C. Munoz, C.F. Daganzo; The performance of uncontrolled merges using a limited priority process, R.J. Troutbeck; Modelling of freeway ramp merging process observed during traffic congestion, M. Sarvi et al; A game theoretic analysis of merging-giveway interaction - a joint estimation model, H. Kita et al; Determination of optimal toll level and toll locations of alternative congestion pricing schemes, H. Yan et al; Trip travel time reliability in degradable transport networks, H.K. Lo; Optimal road tolls and parking charges for balancing the demand and supply of road transport facilities, W.H.K. Lam et al; Coupling of concurrent macroscopic and microscopic traffic flow models using hybrid stochastic and deterministic disaggregation, A. Poschinger et al; Some recent developments in continuum vehicular traffic theory, M. Zhang, W-H. Lin.