Two viewpoints on pragmatics are of interest to the clinician and researcher: The various types of deficits of pragmatic competence in different neurogenic communication disorders on the one hand, and the use of pragmatic features as a compensatory strategy to supplement impaired linguistic competence on the other. Both are investigated in this volume. For the purpose of the book, "pragmatics" is understood to include not only discourse organization but also any inference from discourse, situational context, general knowledge, affective prosody and any paralinguistic phenomena used to derive an interpretation for any utterance. It therefore includes the use of metaphors, indirect speech acts, jokes, sarcasm, and any nonliteral interpretation.The reader will thus find information on pragmatic deficits subsequent to right hemisphere damage, pragmatic disorders in dementias, deficits in discourse organization in right and left hemisphere damaged patients, as well as on the use of pragmatic features by fluent and nonfluent aphasic patients.These studies represent original research by members of the IALP Aphasia Committee and their colleagues carried out over the past two years specifically for this publication. This is the third in a series of books commissioned by the International Association for Logopedics and Phoniatrics and published by Pergamon. It carries over twenty commissioned chapters on original work by leading researchers and investigates both how communication disorders affect pragmatic competence, and how pragmatic features can be used to compensate for impaired linguistic competence.
Sergio Zanini Pragmatics in Neurogenic Communication Disorders represents a valuable and important book for those who work in the field of pragmatics research because of the original studies included. Applied Linguistics This well-referenced book will be a useful resource for departmental libraries. In particular, readers with an interest in communication disorders following right hemisphere damage or dementia will find several papers of possible interest here. Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics ...It provides an almost complete panorama on research in neurolinguistics of pragmatics... a valuable and important book for those who work in he field of pragmatics research. Brain
Introduction. The other side of language: pragmatic competence (M. Paradis). Impairment of Discourse. Pragmatic breakdown in patients with left and right brain damage: clinical implications (R.L. Bloom, L.K. Obler). Conversational abilities in patients with right hemisphere damage (Y. Chantraine et al.). Conversing in dementia: a conversation analytic approach (L. Perkins et al.). Discourse in fluent aphasia and Alzheimer's disease: linguistic and cognitive considerations (S. Bond Chapman et al.). Coherence and informativeness of discourse in two dementia types (M. Laine et al.). Other Pragmatic Deficits. Affective prosodic disturbance subsequent to right hemisphere stroke: a clinical application (R.T. Wertz et al.). The role of emotion in the linguistic and pragmatic aspects of aphasic performance (M. Perlman Lorch et al.). Literal vs. figurative meaning in patients with closed-head injury (K.L. Chobor, A. Schweiger). Shifting the burden to the interlocutor: compensation for pragmatic deficits in signers with Parkinson's disease (J. Kegl, H. Poizner). Pragmatics in frontal lobe dementia and primary progressive aphasia (J.B. Orange et al.). Compensatory Strategies. Pragmatics in the absence of verbal language: descriptions of a severe aphasic and a linguistically deprived adult (N.F. Dronkers et al.). The use of gestures as a compensatory strategy in adults with acquired aphasia compared to children with specific language impairment (B. Fex, A.-C. Mansson). Relationship between language impairment and pragmatic behavior in aphasic adults (J.A. Avent et al.). A cross language analysis of conversation in a trilingual speaker with aphasia (L. Springer et al.). Author index. Subject index.